Changes During Pregnancy – 2nd Trimester

In the first article of the series, we cataloged some of the changes pregnant women go through within the first quarter of pregnancy, called First Trimester. In this article, we will spend some time to shed more light on the changes and adaptation during the Second Trimester.


Second Trimester

Most women find the second trimester of pregnancy easier than the first. At this stage, symptoms like nausea and fatigue begin to disappear but other and/or new more noticeable changes to your body begin to occur. Your abdomen will expand as the baby continues to grow. Primp or first pregnancy will start experiencing the movement of baby between 16 and 20 weeks while a mother of one or more experiences it earlier.


Eating habits become better and diet should be constituted of a vegetable range of foods which includes; fruits and vegetables and must coincide with a cutting down on caffeinated drinks.
Backache occurs when the mother tries to lean backward due to the growing uterus. Wearing low heeled shoes, not lifting heavy objects and sitting with your back well supported is recommended. Sharp pain in your legs and feet often at night is experienced. Regular gentle exercise will help prevent cramp and trying to pull your toes up toward your ankles can also help.


Stretch Marks may begin to appear on your abdomen, thighs and/or buttocks. There is little that can be done about this. However olive oil or other recommended stretch mark products may reduce it. The nipples become darker and the veins on the breast are more obvious.


The feeling of having Sex (libido) returns and feels much better.
A line on the skin running from the belly button to pubic hair line known as the Linear Nigra appears. Patches of darker skin usually over the cheek, forehead and the nose also appear. This is called mask of pregnancy. Numbness or tingling of hands (carpal tunnel syndrome) appears. Itching; of the skin, on the abdomen, of the palms and on the soles of the feet is also common. The blood volume expansion swells the lining of the nose predisposing the woman to nasal congestion, bleeding from the nostrils and even changes of the voice.


Increase in weight around the nose, cheeks, buttocks, hips and thighs are noticed. Around this time, it is obvious that you are fully pregnant as your abdomen also increases in size.
As your expanding rib cage pushes upwards you might feel slight breathlessness. Sleeping on two or more pillows usually helps. Swelling of ankles, fingers and face are also noticed. These swellings can be excessive and should be reported at once to your health care provider.


Please share your experience with us by commenting below. If you have any questions, please also post them below or send a message on the page to our experts.


Our next article will be on the third trimester.

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  1. stella says:

    i am 15 weeks pregnant and can’t sleep well at night, is this normal.

  2. Abigail Nuamah says:

    I tink is very educative n informative..Ive learnt a lot especially wit de swelling of de ankle n face…n with de sexual activities. .tnxs cussons

  3. Ayeyi says:

    am 16 weeks pregnant and i cant feel my baby’s movement is there any problem

    • pzcn3027 says:

      My dear there is no problem especially if it is your first time! You will start feeling it around the 20th week all things being equal

  4. Godsonlysurvivingdaughter maame charity says:

    Please cussons after delivery I still have the stretch marks. how do I deal with it please.

  5. Abigail Boahene Oppong says:

    Am 17weeks pregnant, I av dis serious leg pain and I find it very difficult to stand up after sitting. What could it be?

    • Cussons Baby says:

      Hello Abigail, Don’t sit for long, eat foods rich in vitamin D and C, you can put feet in warm water before sleeping.