Changes During Pregnancy – 1st Trimester

A full term pregnancy goes through three trimesters: The 1st trimester occurs between weeks one (1) and thirteen (13), the second between weeks fourteen and twenty-six and the final lap from week twenty-seven till birth. During this period, hormonal changes affect almost all the organs. Some changes may start from the onset of pregnancy till birth but usually they differ from stage to stage.


In the next three articles, we serialize the various trimesters to give you an insight into pregnancy and its related changes.


First Trimester

Morning Sickness which is accompanied by nausea and vomiting is not uncommon and usually disappears after the 1st trimester. Excessive salivation may also be noticed. Eating in bits or eating dry foods like biscuits does the trick. Dietary changes like craving for ice blocks, coal, chalk etc. is reasonably common.

At this point, your gums may become softer, thicker and may bleed. Salt in warm water is recommended for gargling to reduce interaction and mouth odor. Snacking on sweets and sugary products is not recommended within this period.

Within the first trimester, the skin becomes dry and flaky, and spots may appear on the face or body. Using body oil or shea butter can moisten the skin. Due to increased amount of blood circulating in the system, the body becomes hotter than usual. Cold or lukewarm water should be used in bathing and cold drinks are usually suitable within this period. Clothing made from fabrics which do not generate heat is recommended and it should be very comfortable to wear in order not to generate heat.

The breasts and nipples become enlarged, sensitive and very painful. It is therefore recommended that women wear loose braziers to avoid excessive perspiration.

The vagina changes from light to dark brown and sometimes bluish. Vaginal secretions or discharge known as leucorrhoea may occur. This should not be a bother as it disappears after birth. But when it becomes profuse, offensive or changes color your health care provider should be informed.

Increased metabolic rate in the pregnant woman causes her to gain a lot of weight but others reduce in weight due to vomiting and loss of appetite and increased salivation.

During this time, the mother might feel faint and extremely tired when standing or getting up from bed quickly. This usually happens when there is not enough blood getting to the brain.

Hormones produced during the pregnancy cause the intestines to relax causing constipation. High fiber diet, fruits, vegetables and lots of fluids are highly recommended. Due to pressure from the growing uterus on the bladder there is an increase in the frequency of urination. Panty liners and changing of underwear are usually advised.

Mood Swings are very common and can even affect the libido (sexual urge) of the mother. Partners should be considerate during this time as the woman is going through some traumatic changes. In some cases, alternative means should be sought to satisfy the partners.

Please share your experience with us by commenting below. If you have any questions, please also post them below or send an email to our experts.


Our next article will be on the second trimester.

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  1. charity bossman says:

    i’m happy u’re teaching us all these

  2. Mrs Opoku says:

    I am very happy about your continuous publications on pregnancy.

    I am an expectant mother and wake up every morning scared about whether am gonna survive delivery.

    Can u please help me.

    The doctor says am okay but still nervous

    • Stephen Boadi says:

      Hello Mrs. Opoku, no need to be nervous. Just continue to attend your antenatal clinic, follow the instructions of your midwife and look after yourself. You will have a good chance to deliver safely.

  3. sasha says:

    I’m curious to know when you are pregnant and you do not take tablets that he will cause a problem?

    I mean at the beginning of the pregnancy when you feel nausea, malaria and others and you do not take medication, will it cause ta problem?

    • Stephen Boadi says:

      Hello Sasha it could cause a problem. Our advice is that please discuss each medication with your doctor or midwife.

  4. aseye abena bless says:

    is it adviceable to have sex during de first trmrster ?

    • Stephen Boadi says:

      Sex in the first trimester is not a problem unless you’ve experienced some form of pain or discomfort in your previous pregnancy or this one.

  5. Barbara says:

    pls is it good to ‘ve sex in your ninth month?

  6. Barbara says:

    pls is it good to have sex in the ninth month of pregnancy?

  7. mary azitre says:

    show me e steps, after menstruation

  8. I know this web site provides quality dependent articles and additional information, is there any other website which presents such data in quality?

  9. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
    Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it
    for you? Plz answer back as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to know where u got this from.

    thank you

  10. Rosalyn says:

    Am expected mum
    Thanks for the education.but I want to no y I find it difficult to sleep like I can’t 7m

  11. It’s enormous that you are getting thoughts from this post as well as from our dialogue made at this place.

  12. It’s going to be ending of mine day, but before end I am reading this impressive paragraph to increase my knowledge.

  13. Mrs. Dartey says:

    Thanks very much for your publications. Am in my 1st Trimester and is not easy for me when it getting to the evenings of the day, I can’t eat, vomiting everyday and the salivary is too much for me. I want to ask why is it so much for me?. Can’t use anything to stop it. Any advice will be welcome.

  14. Komoney says:

    am pregnant with twins wil be due in 12weeks time,but am really nervous and anxious,,,its my 2nd pregnancy,,,the first one I did c/s,,,

  15. Ama says:

    Am 14 weeks now n ve been attending clinic but de clinic is a new plc but my doctor is gud n nt a gynaecologist is it safe fr me to continue or change clinics whr u will see midwives?

    • Cussons Baby Admin says:

      Hello Ama Its better to seek for antenatal in a bigger hospital for your first pregnancy and most especially to see a specialist either a midwife or an obstetrician

  16. bernice adu says:

    am pregnant for 2months but sometimes i have some pains in my lower abdomen pls what should i do

  17. bernice adu says:

    where am attending my ANC is a private clinic n there is a midwife there but this is my first time of cyesis so should i go there or go to government hospital

  18. I am 3 months pregnant now and am glad reading this since it’s my first pregnancy! It has helped me a lot. My question is; in which month will the spitting of salivary stop because it’s really messing me up. I feel disgraced whenever I’m in a cab n it irritates me when I see it

  19. sarah says:

    Am three months pregnant now but i dont feel all the symtoms stated, i leave like a normal person.please is it normal?

    • Cussons Baby says:

      Hello Sarah, It’s normal and that not everyone experiences those symptoms. As long as she’s not in any pain and she attends antenatal, she’s fine. Thanks

  20. Jamine Omang says:

    I’m learning a lot.

  21. Doreen AFFAINIE says:

    Infact this article has made me understood what am going through. I’m in my 1st trimester, i vomit everything that i take in whether dry food or liquid. I don’t know what to eat anymore and i also hate certain foods. What do i do cos I’m scared it might harm my baby’s development since this is the critical time.

  22. Juddy says:

    Am an expectant mother …. am three months pregnant and very tired but I still have a flat belly….does it mean that the hasn’t started developing yet…

    • Cussons Baby says:

      Hello Juddy, If you’ve been to the doctor and there are no problems then there is nothing to worry about. The baby is developing and with time it will begin to show

  23. Lyn Quarcoopome says:

    Thanks for the guide lines. Please can contraceptive have any effect on your baby when you are just one month pregnant. I took a contraceptive without knowing I was pregnant.

  24. Willi says:

    Pls can someone get pregnant without sperms.
    And pls if you’re on your period and you have sex but the person pulls away before the sperms will the person get pregnant.